Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI)

Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI)

IBBI is jointly sponsored by IGAC, iLEAPS and WMO


Johannes Kaiser, KCL, London, UK; ECMWF, Reading, UK; MPIC, Mainz, Germany; Melita Keywood, CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia


Megan Melamed, IGAC Executive Officer,,
Tanja Suni, iLEAPS Executive Officer,

Biomass burning changes the land surface drastically and leads to the release of large amounts of trace gases and aerosol particles that play important roles in atmospheric chemistry and climate. In addition, there is large uncertainty on how climate change and global change will impact the frequency, intensity, duration, and location of biomass burning in the short- and long-term, making their emissions a large source of uncertainty in future atmospheric composition.

Therefore biomass burning and its emissions need to be observed and modeled accurately to understand the composition of the atmosphere and how it changes at different temporal and spatial scales. Significant gaps remain in our understanding of the contribution of deforestation and savanna, forest, agricultural waste, and peat fires to emissions.

Coordinated international activities organized by IGAC, iLEAPS, and WMO (e.g., interdisciplinary laboratory measurements and field campaigns that integrate ground-based and airborne observations, as well as detailed analysis of satellite data and numerical modeling results) will help better quantify the present and future impact of biomass burning emissions on the composition and chemistry of the Earth’s atmosphere.

Upcoming events:

  • 3rd IBBI Workshop, 23-26 April 2014, Schloss Ringberg, Germany
  • 4th iLEAPS Science Conference on Terrestrial ecosystems, atmosphere and people in the Earth system, 12-16 May 2014, Nanjing, China


Past events:

  • AsiaFlux Conference, “Communicating Science to Society: Coping with climate extremes for resilient ecological-societal systems”, 21-24 August 2013, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea "IBBI - Asian perspective"
  • 2nd IBBI Workshop and session at EGU 2013, April 2013, Vienna, Austria
  • IGAC/iLEAPS/WMO Workshop on Biomass Burning, 5-6 July 2012, Geneva, Switzerland
  • ESF Exploratory Workshop on Biomass Burning, 14-16 September 2009, Farnham Castle, UK