Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations

ComponentMeasurement method / instrument
Aerosol light absorbing coefficientMulti-angle absorption (637 nm) photometer (Thermo MAAP 5012)
Aerosol light scattering coefficientThree wavelength (450, 550 and 700 nm) integrating nephelometer (TSI 3563)
Aerosol mass concentrationSynchronized hybrid real-time particle monitor (Thermo SHARP 5030)
Aerosol number concentrationCondensation particle counter (TSI 3010 CPC)
Aerosol size distribution (interstitial)Differential mobility particle sizer (DMPS, 3-800 nm)
Aerosol size distribution (total)DMPS (7-800 nm), dust monitor (Grimm #190, 0.25-32 µm)
Atmospheric pressureCapasitive absolute pressure sensor (Vaisala BAROCAP®)
Cloud droplet size distributionOptical cloud droplet spectrometer (DMT, 3-50 µm)
Nitrogen oxide concentrationChemiluminescent NO-NOx analyzer (Thermo 42i-TL)
Ozone concentrationUV photometric O3 analyzer (Thermo 49i)
Temperature and relative humidityPt100 and Vaisala HUMICAP®
Temperature and relative humidityVaisala HMT330MIK
Visibility, present weather and precipitationPresent weather sensor (Vaisala FD12P)
Weather (visually)Weather camera and camera server (Axis 247S)
Wind speed and directionUltrasonic two-dimensional anemometer (Thies UA2D
Aerosol optical depth (and other aerosol optical properties)Sunphotometer (Cimel 318A)
Atmospheric pressureCapasitive absolute pressure sensor (Vaisala PTB201A)
Cloud base heightCeilometer (Vaisala CT25K)
Global, diffuse and direct components of spectral solar irradianceMultifilter rotating shadowband radiometer aingauge with weighing (YES MFR-7)
RainfallRaingauge with weighing (OTT Pluvio)
Snow depthSnow depth sensor (Campbell Scientific SR50-45)
Solar fluxPyranometer (Kipp & Zonen CMP-21)
Sunshine durationSunshine duration sensor (Siggelkow SONI)
Temperature and relative humidityPentronic Pt100 and Vaisala HMP45D
Visibility, present wea ther and precipitationPresent weather sensor (Vaisala FD12P)
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