Global SMEAR Iniative & SMEAR concept
The Global SMEAR (Stations Measuring Earth Surfaces - Atmosphere Relations) initiative is an approach towards integrated Global Earth observatory initiated by Academician Markku Kulmala and coordinated by INAR, University of Helsinki. Read more: Markku Kulma: Build a global Earth observatory Nature Comment Jan 2018, in Russia and in Chinese.
The SMEAR concept is supporting the implementation of the Global SMEAR initiative. The SMEAR (Stations for Measuring Earth surface - Atmosphere Relations) Concept offers an observation platform that provides continuous, comprehensive environmental information from local level up-to the global Grand Challenges.